UNESCO 최신 자료
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Cracking the Code: Girls’ and women’s education in science, technology, - engineering and mathematics (STEM)
발행연도 2017
저자
발행처 UNESCO
면수 83
언어 영어
ISBN
원문/서지URL
(출처: UNESCO)
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0025/002534/253479e.pdf

Cracking the Code: Girls’ and women’s education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM)

 

Despite significant improvements in recent decades, education is not universally available and gender inequalities persist. A major concern in many countries is not only limited numbers of girls going to school, but also limited educational pathways for those that step into the classroom. This includes, more specifically, how to address the lower participation and learning achievement of girls in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education.

STEM underpins the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and STEM education can provide learners with the knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviours required for inclusive and sustainable societies. Leaving out girls and women in STEM education and careers is a loss for all.

This report aims to ‘crack the code’, or to decipher the factors that hinder or facilitate girls’ and women’s participation, achievement and continuation in STEM education, and what can be done by the education sector to promote girls’ and women’s interest in, and engagement with, STEM.

 

 

Table of Contents

Foreword……………………………………………........................................................5

Acknowledgements……………………………………………………………………..…..6

List of figures and boxes………………………………………………………………..….8

Executive Summary………………………………………………………………………..11

 

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………….13

STEM education and the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda…………………..14

Why focus on girls’ and women’s education in STEM?.............................................15

What is the purpose of this report?............................................................................16

 

1. Current status of girls and women in STEM education and careers………………17

1.1 Overall education trends: access, participation and progression………………...18

1.2 Participation and progression in STEM education…………………………………19

1.3 Learning achievement in STEM education…………………………………………24

 

2. Factors influencing girls’ and women’s participation, progression and……………39

achievement in STEM education

2.1 Individual-level factors………………………………………………………………. 41

2.2 Family- and peer-level factors……………………………………………………….47

2.3 School-level factors…………………………………………………………………..50

2.4 Societal-level factors……………………………………………………………….…57

 

3. Interventions that help increase girls’ and women’s interest in, and……………...59

engagement with, STEM education

3.1 Individual-level interventions………………………………………………………...61

3.2 Family- and peer-level interventions………………………………………………..64

3.3 School-level interventions……………………………………………………………64

3.4 Societal-level interventions…………………………………………………………..70

 

4. Looking forward………………………………………………………………………....71

Acronyms …………………………………………………………………………………..74

Annex I: Countries participating in standardized cross-national surveys ………..….76

Endnotes ……………………………………………………………………………………78

 

 

원문보기: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0025/002534/253479e.pdf

 

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