UNESCO 최신 자료
칼럼·인터뷰
분야 교육 조회수 1,221
제목
2016 Global Education Monitoring Report – Education for people and planet: creating sustainable futures for all
발행연도 2016
저자
발행처 UNESCO
면수 558
언어 English
ISBN 978-92-3-110167-3
원문/서지URL
(출처: UNESCO)
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002457/245752e.pdf

Introduction to the 2016 GEM Report

Education for People and Planet: Creating Sustainable Futures for All explores the complex relationship between education and the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, covering six fundamental pillars – Planet, Prosperity, People, Peace, Place and Partnerships. This report shows that education will not deliver its full potential unless participation rates increase dramatically and sustainable development guides education system reform. It also warns of the destructive impact that climate change, conflict, unsustainable consumption and the increasing gap between rich and poor have on education. A huge transformation is needed if we are to create sustainable futures for all.

This edition of the Global Education Monitoring Report (GEM Report) is the first in a series that will assess the progress of education under the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The GEM Report provides evidence-based recommendations on the policies, strategies and programmes needed to meet the ambitious Education 2030 vision. It discusses the challenges of monitoring progress on the new global education goal and targets to ensure improvement in access, participation, completion, learning and reduced inequality. It provides readers with an authoritative source to enable them to argue for the value and importance of education at all levels of decision-making.

The GEM Report is an editorially independent, evidence-based publication that serves as an indispensable tool to promote informed dialogue and increase awareness about progress and challenges in education. This series of reports has assessed progress in education in some 200 countries and territories since 2002. Building on this experience, and with a new mandate to monitor education progress in the SDGs, the GEM Report will serve as a key global resource for the follow-up and review process over the next fifteen years.

 

Contents

Foreword ...................................................................................................................... i

Acknowledgements ......................................................................................................iv

Contents .......................................................................................................................vii

Highlights......................................................................................................................xiv

Monitoring SDG 4.........................................................................................................xiii

 

INTRODUCTION •  Sustainable development: a strategy for people, planet and prosperity..................................... 1

The 2030 Agenda unites development and environmental sustainability................................................................. 5

Education within sustainable development................................................................................................................7

Reader’s guide to the report.....................................................................................................................................12

 

CHAPTER 1 •  Planet: environmental sustainability..................................................................................................16

Global environmental challenges are pressing......................................................................................................... 19

Reversing climate change requires an integrated approach to learning...................................................................32

To meet these challenges, learning is essential.........................................................................................................24

Conclusion..................................................................................................................................................................35

 

CHAPTER 2 •  Prosperity: sustainable and inclusive economics................................................................................36

Current models of economic growth cause environmental destruction...................................................................40

Sustainable transformation will require clean new industries and greener existing ones........................................40

Agricultural practices need transformation.............................................................................................................. 44

Education and lifelong learning contribute to long-term economic growth..............................................................47

Economic growth does not mean prosperity for all...................................................................................................51

Education can help increase inclusion........................................................................................................................53

Education improves labour market and decent work outcomes................................................................................55

Conclusion...................................................................................................................................................................62

 

CHAPTER 3 •  People: inclusive social development................................................................................................. 64

Inclusive social development is critical for sustainable futures for all.......................................................................67

Education improves social development outcomes.................................................................................................. 77

Social development influences education................................................................................................................. 84

Integrated social and education interventions are needed.......................................................................................87

Conclusion..................................................................................................................................................................93

 

CHAPTER 4 •  Peace: political participation, peace and access to juctice................................................................. 94

Education and literacy contribute to more participatory politics..............................................................................97

The relationship between education and conflict is multifaceted...........................................................................103

Education can play a key role in building a functioning justice system....................................................................110

Conclusion.................................................................................................................................................................111

 

CHAPTER 5 •  Place: inclusive and sustainable cities................................................................................................112

Cities affect education planning...............................................................................................................................116

Education has a positive influence on cities.............................................................................................................118

Education and knowledge can contribute to inequality in cities..............................................................................121

Education can influence urban planning..................................................................................................................124

A city can transform by placing education and lifelong learning at its heart...........................................................126

Conclusion................................................................................................................................................................129

 

CHAPTER 6 •  Partnerships: enabling conditions to achieve SDG 4 and other SDGs...............................................130

Finance.................................................................................................................................................................... 133

Policy coherence......................................................................................................................................................139

Partnerships.............................................................................................................................................................145

Conclusion................................................................................................................................................................147

 

CHAPTER 7 •  Projections.........................................................................................................................................148

Projecting global educational attainment to 2030 and beyond...............................................................................151

Predicting effects of education on development outcomes....................................................................................153

 

CHAPTER 8 • Education and sustainable development: conclusions and policy recommendations.......................158

Policy recommendations..........................................................................................................................................163

 

CHAPTER 9 • The challenges of monitoring education in the Sustainable Development Goals..............................168

Reaching consensus on the post-2015 education targets....................................................................................... 172

Opportunities and challenges in global education monitoring and the role of the GEM Report............................ 175

Outline of the monitoring part.................................................................................................................................177

 

CHAPTER 10 • Target 4.1: Primary and secondary education................................................................................. 178

Access, participation and completion...................................................................................................................... 180

Compulsory and free education...............................................................................................................................185

Quality......................................................................................................................................................................188

Learning outcomes...................................................................................................................................................193

 

CHAPTER 11 • Target 4.2: Early childhood...............................................................................................................204

Access and participation...........................................................................................................................................206

Quality......................................................................................................................................................................210

Child development outcomes.................................................................................................................................. 213

 

CHAPTER 12 • Target 4.3: Technical, vocational, tertiary and adult education.......................................................220

Technical and vocational education and training.................................................................................................... 222

Tertiary education....................................................................................................................................................227

Adult education....................................................................................................................................................... 236

 

CHAPTER 13 • Target 4.4: Skills for work................................................................................................................. 242

Cognitive skills..........................................................................................................................................................244

Non-cognitive skills.................................................................................................................................................. 247

Combinations of cognitive and non-cognitive skills for work...................................................................................250

Conclusion................................................................................................................................................................ 253

 

CHAPTER 14 • Target 4.5: Equity..............................................................................................................................254

Inequality measures.................................................................................................................................................257

Gender..................................................................................................................................................................... 262

Disability...................................................................................................................................................................265

Language.................................................................................................................................................................. 267

Migration and forced displacement......................................................................................................................... 271

 

CHAPTER 15 • Target 4.6: Literacy and numeracy................................................................................................... 274

Participation in adult literacy programmes..............................................................................................................277

Literacy rates............................................................................................................................................................ 278

Literacy and numeracy proficiency levels.................................................................................................................280

Conclusion.................................................................................................................................................................285

 

CHAPTER 16 • Target 4.7: Sustainable development and global citizenship...........................................................286

International standard-setting instruments.............................................................................................................289

Curricula...................................................................................................................................................................289

Textbooks.................................................................................................................................................................294

Teacher education....................................................................................................................................................296

Activities outside the classroom...............................................................................................................................298

Outcomes..................................................................................................................................................................299

 

CHAPTER 17 • Target 4.A: Education facilities and learning environments.............................................................306

School infrastructure................................................................................................................................................308

Information and communication technology in schools.......................................................................................... 311

Violence and attacks in schools................................................................................................................................314

 

CHAPTER 18 • Target 4.B: Scholarships....................................................................................................................318

Number of scholarships............................................................................................................................................320

Aid data on scholarships...........................................................................................................................................324

 

CHAPTER 19 • Target 4.C: Teachers......................................................................................................................... 326

Adequate supply of qualified teachers.....................................................................................................................328

Teacher motivation and support..............................................................................................................................333

 

CHAPTER 20 • Finance..............................................................................................................................................340

National education accounts....................................................................................................................................342

Improving financial data...........................................................................................................................................346

 

CHAPTER 21 • Education systems............................................................................................................................ 358

Diagnostic tools for monitoring education systems.................................................................................................361

Looking ahead.......................................................................................................................................................... 365

 

CHAPTER 22 • Education in the other SDGs.............................................................................................................366

Direct references to education in global SDG indicators .........................................................................................368

Indirect references to education in global SDG indicators ......................................................................................369

Lifelong learning as a factor contributing across the SDGs......................................................................................373

 

 

CHAPTER 23 • Priorities for monitoring education in the Sustainable Development Goals....................................374

Synthesis of monitoring challenges and opportunities............................................................................................377

Recommendations on monitoring the education agenda....................................................................................... 379

 

CHAPTER 24 • Epilogue.............................................................................................................................................384

The GEM Report as an informed and honest broker on issues of education and sustainable development...........387

Strengthening accountability in the SDG follow-up and review architecture – and in education............................388

 

Annex......................................................................................................................... 390

Statistical Tables...................................................................................................................................................... 401

Aid Tables.................................................................................................................................................................478

Glossary....................................................................................................................................................................493

Abbreviations...........................................................................................................................................................497

Index.........................................................................................................................................................................501

 

Summary: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002457/245745e.pdf

Youth Report: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002457/245742E.pdf

이전글 2015 Education for All Global Monitoring Repor...
목록