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2015 Education for All Global Monitoring Report – Education for All 2000-2015: achievements and challenges
발행연도 2015
저자
발행처 UNESCO
면수 516
언어 English
ISBN 978-92-3-100085-0
원문/서지URL
(출처: UNESCO)
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002322/232205e.pdf

Introduction to the 2015 GEM Report

The twelfth edition of the EFA Global Monitoring Report – marking the 2015 deadline for the six goals set at the World Education Forum in Dakar, Senegal, in 2000 – provides a considered and comprehensive accounting of global progress. As the international community prepares for a new development and education agenda, this report takes stock of past achievements and reflects on future challenges.

There are many signs of notable advances. The pace towards universal primary education has quickened, gender disparity has been reduced in many countries and governments are increasing their focus on making sure children receive an education of good quality. However, despite these efforts, the world failed to meet its overall commitment to Education for All. Millions of children and adolescents are still out of school, and it is the poorest and most disadvantaged who bear the brunt of this failure to reach the EFA targets.

Education for All 2000–2015: Achievements and Challenges provides a comprehensive assessment of country progress towards the EFA goals and highlights the work that remains. It highlights effective policies and makes recommendations for monitoring and evaluating education targets after 2015. It also provides policy-makers with an authoritative source with which to advocate that education be a cornerstone of the post-2015 global development architecture.

The EFA Global Monitoring Report is an editorially independent, evidence-based publication that serves as an indispensable tool for governments, researchers, education and development specialists, media and students. It has assessed education progress in some 200 countries and territories on an almost annual basis since 2002. This work will continue, throughout the implementation of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, as the Global Education Monitoring Report.

 

Contents

Foreword................................................................................................................ i

Acknowledgements............................................................................................... iii

Contents.................................................................................................................vi

Executive Summary...............................................................................................xii

Overview................................................................................................................ 1

 

Part 1. Monitoring the progress towards education for all...........................44

Goal 1: Early childhood care and education..................................................... 45

Early childhood care and education.................................................................................................................. 47

There is some progress in survival and nutrition, but care is still of poor quality............................................. 48

Many countries are on their way to a multisector approach to early childhood services................................ 56

Pre-primary education systems and enrolment levels have expanded rapidly in some countries................... 58

Conclusions........................................................................................................................................................ 73

 

Goal 2: Universal primary education................................................................ 75

Universal primary education............................................................................................................................. 77

Monitoring progress.......................................................................................................................................... 77

Substantial progress was made in user fee abolition........................................................................................ 84

Some approaches succeeded by increasing demand........................................................................................ 88

Supply-side interventions have helped increase primary school access........................................................... 92

Reaching the marginalized is essential for universal primary education........................................................... 94

Education in complex emergencies is an evolving problem............................................................................ 103

Conclusions...................................................................................................................................................... 106

 

Goal 3: Youth and adult skills......................................................................... 109

Youth and adult skills....................................................................................................................................... 111

Defining skills ................................................................................................................................................... 111

Foundation skills: Participation in secondary education has increased........................................................... 112

Inequality persists in lower secondary education............................................................................................ 115

Transferable skills: Skills and values that matter for social progress............................................................... 120

Education alternatives are needed for youth and adults who are no longer in school.................................... 124

Technical and vocational skills: Approaches are evolving................................................................................ 126

Continuing and adult education: Four contrasting cases................................................................................. 128

Direct measures of hard and soft skills are emerging in many countries......................................................... 130

Conclusions....................................................................................................................................................... 133

 

Goal 4: Adult literacy..................................................................................... 135

Adult literacy..................................................................................................................................................... 137

Most countries are still far from goal 4............................................................................................................ 137

International and national surveys facilitate direct assessment of literacy..................................................... 139

Comparing cohorts shows almost no real gains in adult literacy since 2000.................................................... 143

Explaining limited progress in adult literacy..................................................................................................... 144

Conclusions....................................................................................................................................................... 150

Goal 5: Gender parity and equality................................................................ 153

Gender parity and equality.............................................................................................................................. 155

Progress towards gender parity....................................................................................................................... 155

Promoting an enabling environment............................................................................................................... 164

Increasing demand and supporting rights to education.................................................................................. 166

Expanding and improving school infrastructure.............................................................................................. 171

Policies to improve boys’ participation are also needed................................................................................. 173

Equitable school and classroom environments............................................................................................... 174

Supporting equality in learning outcomes....................................................................................................... 181

Conclusion........................................................................................................................................................ 185

 

Goal 6: Quality of education........................................................................... 187

Quality of education........................................................................................................................................ 189

It is possible to improve access and equitable learning simultaneously......................................................... 189

Progress in learning outcomes should be monitored...................................................................................... 190

Investing in teachers is essential..................................................................................................................... 196

The success of teaching and learning is linked to available resources............................................................ 203

Teaching and learning processes matter for learning..................................................................................... 206

The decentralization of education governance............................................................................................... 213

Implications of private provision for education quality................................................................................... 216

Conclusion........................................................................................................................................................ 217

 

Projections, EFA Development Index and countries with incomplete or missing data.................................... 219

Projections, EFA Development Index and countries with incomplete or missing data ................................... 221

What is the likelihood that countries will achieve EFA goals?.......................................................................... 221

The Education for All Development Index........................................................................................................ 229

Countries with incomplete or missing data...................................................................................................... 234

Conclusions....................................................................................................................................................... 237

 

Finance........................................................................................................... 239

Finance.............................................................................................................................................................. 241

Changing national financial commitments to EFA since Dakar ........................................................................ 241

International development assistance.............................................................................................................. 261

Other sources of international financing.......................................................................................................... 277

Diagnostic tools needed to assess education financing.................................................................................... 279

Conclusion......................................................................................................................................................... 279

 

Part 2. Post-2015.......................................................................................280

 

Post-2015 education goal and targets: Status and prospects........................ 281

Post-2015 education goal and targets: Status and prospects............................................................................ 283

Introduction....................................................................................................................................................... 283

Overview of post-2015 developments............................................................................................................... 283

Where do the proposed education targets fall short?....................................................................................... 285

Lessons for implementing the new agenda........................................................................................................ 291

Conclusion ......................................................................................................................................................... 300

 

Annex............................................................................................................... 303

National learning assessments by country and region....................................................................................... 304

Statistical tables.................................................................................................................................................. 313

Aid tables............................................................................................................................................................ 397

Glossary .............................................................................................................................................................. 408

Abbreviations...................................................................................................................................................... 411

References........................................................................................................................................................... 414

Index.................................................................................................................................................................... 460

 

 

Summary: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002325/232565e.pdf

Youth Report: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002325/232581e.pdf

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